Pictures
Search
Information
Photographers
My Account
Collections
Portfolios
Thumbnails
Lightbox

Selma to Montgomery March I

more information…
1676432
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1965
1676432
1676436
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1965
1676436
1670621
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights, March 1965
1670621
1675427
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1965
1675427
1675027
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1965
1675027
1674808
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1965
1674808
1673325
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1965
1673325
1673327
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1965
1673327
1672513
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1966
1672513
1673011
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1965
1673011
1673013
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1965
1673013
1676318
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1965
1676318
1671813
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1965
1671813
1674605
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1965
1674605
1672928
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1965
1672928
1671508
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights, March 1965
1671508
1674504
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1965
1674504
1674534
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1965
1674534
1672804
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1965
1672804
1674630
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1965
1674630
1673917
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1965
1673917
1673827
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1965
1673827
1673634
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1965
1673634
1674426
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1965
1674426
1673405
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1965
1673405
1673705
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1965
1673705
1673709
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1965
1673709
1672729
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1965
1672729
1673228
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1965
1673228
1676328
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1965
1676328
1672118
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1965
1672118
1671212
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights, March 1965
1671212
1672832
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1965
1672832
1672831
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1965
1672831
1672535
Selma Marcher
1672535
1672818
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1965
1672818
1671427
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights, March 1965
1671427
1673309
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1965
1673309
1672507
Selma Marcher
1672507
1672526
Selma Marcher
1672526
1674530
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1965
1674530
1671419
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights, March 1965
1671419
1672708
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1965
1672708
1675929
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1965
1675929
1671912
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1967
1671912
1671428
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights, March 1965
1671428
1672909
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1965
1672909
1672910
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1965
1672910
1671330
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights, March 1965
1671330
1672318
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1966
1672318
1671913
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1966
1671913
1673033
Selma to Montgomery March for voting rights: 1965
1673033
back to thumbnails…


Selma to Montgomery March I

Selma, Alabama was known as one of the most intransigent communities in the South when it came to voting rights. In 1963 less than 1% of blacks were registered to vote, as opposed to 65% of whites.

SNCC began voter registration classes in Selma that year, but made little headway. Blacks who attempted to register were shocked with cattle prods, and attacked by Sheriff Jim Clark and his posse of deputies. As added intimidation, their pictures were published in the local newspaper. Meanwhile, the Federal government paid little attention. But in January, 1965 shortly after receiving the Nobel Peace Prize, Martin Luther King launched a major voter registration drive in Selma. Scores of black citizens trooped to the courthouse where they faced violence and arrest, but this time the attention of the nation was focused on Selma. Within days 100 black teachers, the elite of the community, joined the demonstrations, then King himself went to jail where he was soon joined by 800 school children, and hundreds of adults.

In mid-February SCLC staff member C.T. Vivian was beaten by Sheriff Clark during a courthouse confrontation. Days later a Vivian speech in nearby Marion was followed by a nighttime march, a very dangerous undertaking. In the dark, whites and police attacked the marchers, and Jimmy Lee Jackson was shot and killed while attempting to defend his mother and 82-year-old grandfather.

From Jackson's murder and funeral arose the idea of carrying black grievances to the seat of power in a fifty mile march from Selma to the Capital in Montgomery. King announced the march for the following Sunday, but was not himself present when 600 marchers crossed the Edmund Pettus bridge leaving Selma and were met by clubs, tear gas and troopers on horseback. Scenes of this violence on the television evening news galvanized the entire nation. Hundreds of Americans from all walks of life converged on Selma. Following the "Bloody Sunday" confrontation, a second march was called for March 7. This time King had everybody's attention, but when he led a group of 1500 across Pettus Bridge to face the waiting troopers, he knelt and prayed, and then to almost everyone's surprise turned around and led the throng back across the bridge. That evening three white ministers were attacked with clubs as they left a Selma restaurant, and Reverend James Reeb was killed.

This second murder provoked a national outcry and demonstrations in many cities. President Johnson, addressing a television audience of 70 million, announced that he would bring a voting rights bill to Congress. A Federal Court ruling cleared the way for a third march, and when Governor Wallace refused to provide protection for the marchers, Johnson federalized the Alabama National Guard, ordering its 1800 men to secure the march, along with 2000 US Army troops, 100 FBI agents, and 100 US marshals. On Sunday, March 21, the Selma-to-Montgomery March finally got underway.


 


Close